I believe with all my heart that a garment should be as pretty on the inside as it is on the outside.
And that means this…There are two steps to sewing with wovens:
- Sewing your seams; and
- Finishing your seam allowances.
In this article, you’ll learn why you need to finish your seams and a few basic ways to get the job done!
Let’s talk about the rules…
NOTE: If you’re ready to begin this journey and would like to buy my recommended tools and supplies, please click HERE!
Rules of Seam Finishes
Rule #1: You should finish your seam allowances (SAs). That’s what professionals do.
Rule #2: You can use more than one seam finish in a garment.
Rule #3: Fabric is the #1 factor to choosing the right seam finish.
Alright. Now that you know the rules, let’s talk about the benefits…
3 Benefits of Seam Finishes
There are three main reasons to finish your seams to…
- keep fray happy fabrics from unraveling to nothing during construction or through the life of the garment;
- add strength and durability to your seams; and
- add beauty.
Okay, now that you know the why, let’s learn how to choose the right seam finish for the job…
Choosing a Seam Finish
The right seam finish depends on three things:
- fabric weight;
- how fray happy your fabric is; and
- how the garment will be worn.
So if you’re ready, let’s finish our seams…
3 Basic Seam Finishes for Woven Fabrics
When it comes to finishing your SAs, you can finish them with the…
- seam pressed open and each SA finished individually; or
- seam pressed to one side and both SAs finished simultaneously.
And depending on the type of garment you are sewing AND the seam finish, SAs can be finished…
- BEFORE you sew a seam; or
- AFTER you’ve sewn a seam.
Here’s the thing…
There are so many ways you can finish SAs.
And as you gain experience, you will definitely learn your favorite methods. But for now, let me share a few of the simpler ways you can make your seams pretty on the inside…
Stitched & Pinked
A hundred years ago, pinking seam allowances (SAs) was the seam finish of choice for the home sewer.
But today, even though we have so many more options, pinking your SAs on fabrics that are firmly woven and not very fray happy is still a great choice.
When you pink, those zigzag edges are cut on the bias. And the bias doesn’t fray.
There are two ways you can pink your SAs…
- Sew your plain seam, and then just pink the SAs as close to the raw edges as poosible; or
- Stitched and Pinked: first sew a line stitching ¼ inch from the raw edges, sew your plain seam. Pink both SAs at the same, and then press the seam open.
Personally, I love the look of stitched & pinked! To me, it is just prettier! And it suggests that someone put an extra bit of love into the making of a garment!
Plus, it adds a bit more strength to the seam finish!
If you agree with me, here’s how you can stitch & pink like a master…
- Sew a stitching line ¼ inch from the raw edge of your seam allowances separately.
- Now, sew a plain seam.
- Next, place your garment on a flat surface.You’ll be pinking both SAs simultaneously.
- Now, position your pinking shears so that the tip of the bottom blade in touching the cutting surface.
- Then, position the second sawtooth from the back of your pinking shears at the start of your seam allowances and to the right of the stitching line. And then, simply bring the blades together until they’ve almost closed.
- Now, open your shears and reposition them, lining up that same second back sawtooth with the last notch made and continue in this fashion along the entire length of the SAs.
- Once you reach the end, you’re now ready to press the seam as sewn and then open.
Keep in mind that if the fabric is fray happy, pinking may only limit but not entirely stop the fraying!
Sew easy tip: If you’re pinking a delicate or lightweight fabric, you may need to place a scrap of stabilizer or a strip of tissue paper behind the SA before you begin.
Okay. Now that you know how to pink your seam allowances, it is time to get zigzaggy…
3-step (Multiple) Zigzag or Tricot Stitch
While you could use a regular zigzag stitch, I just love the 3-step zigzag stitch so much more for those fabrics that are loosely woven and/or fray easily.
Why?! Because it is so gosh darn attractive and easy to sew too.
I’ve rarely had issues with tunneling using the 3-step zigzag stitch.
If you’re pressing the seam allowances to one side, here’s how you do it…
- Sew a plain seam using the desired SA.
- Next, choose the 3-step zigzag stitch on your sewing machine. You can leave the setting as is. Or if you would like a more gently pointed zigzag, set the stitch length to 1.5mm and stitch width to 3.0mm.
- Then, align the raw edge of your SAs with the ¼ inch SA guide on the throat plate and 3-step zigzag along the entire length. Do NOT backstitch!
- Next, with your embroidery scissors, trim as close to the zigzag stitching line as possible.
- Finally, press seam to one side towards the back of the garment.
However, if you will be pressing your seams open, you’ll need to do this…
- Choose the 3-step zigzag stitch on your sewing machine. You can leave the setting as is. Or if you would like a more gently pointed zigzag, set the stitch length to 1.5mm and stitch width to 3.0mm. Click HERE to learn how to change your stitch width!
- With the right side (RS) of your SA facing up, align the right edge of your presser foot with the raw edge of your SA.
- Without backstitching, stitch a line of 3-step zigzag along the entire length.
- Repeat on the adjoining SA.
- Next, align the fabric with right sides together and stitch a plain seam.
- Finally, with embroidery scissors, trim as close to the zigzag stitching line as possible.
- Finally, press seams open.
Make sure to zig zag about ¼ inch in from the raw edge, and then trim the SAs close to the stitching.
Sew easy tip: Use fabric scraps from the project to play around with the width of your zig zag. This way you can determine what looks pretty to you and/or works best with the fabric in hand.
Now, for my absolute favorite seam finish…
If you want to hear a grown woman squeal like a five-year girl, whose favorite daddy has returned from a week-long business trip, then just let me discover this seam finish in a ready-to-wear (RTW) dress.
Yes, I did just that when I saw my very first French seam in a Belk’s Department Store. I was so bowled over that I lost my senses and bought a totally inappropriate dress because of it.
Here’s the thing…
The French Seam is rarely seen in RTW because it is double the work. But let me tell you this: It is worth it!
And this seam is not only sublimely pretty but mighty strong too.
I have had great success using it to sew lightweight, medium-weight, and sheer fabrics.
Anyhoo, let me stop gushing and tell you how to sew this seam finish so that you can experience its loveliness for yourself.
Here’s how you sew the ever lovely French Seam using a 5/8 inch seam allowance:
- Next, with the wrong sides of your fabric together, stitch a plain seam using a ¼ inch SA.
- Then, with your embroidery scissors, trim the SAs to ⅛ inch.
- Gently, press the SA to one side.
- Now align your fabric with right sides together, press, and then stitch using a ¼ inch SA
- Finally, press seam to one side towards the back of the garment.
Okay. Admit it. This is one lovely seam!
If you try this seam finish and fall in love with it as much as I have, then you will have to come back to this article and share the love in the comments section.
Sew easy tip: There is also the little sister to the French Seam called the Mock French Seam. I love this for finishing curved seams.
What About Finishing Seams on Knits?
So glad you asked.
Because of how knits are constructed, knits don’t fray and unravel. So technically, you don’t have to finish the seam allowances of knits.
If you want to press your seam allowances to one side or if you want to contain those madding cut curly ends of jersey knits, you’ll need a seam finish.
And while on many computerized machines there are many options, double stitching lines are simple, pretty and functional.
Here’s how you double stitch it, using the wobble stitch…
- Sew your first stitching line using a 5/8 inch SA.
- Next, sew a second stitching line using a 3/8 inch SA. This will give you two lines of stitching that are about a ¼ inch apart.
- Now trim as close as you can to the second stitching line.
- Finally, lightly press seam to one side towards the back of the garment. And you’re finished!
Now, how easy was that?!
You are now in the possession of awesome seam finishing techniques for wovens:
- the stitched and pinked;
- the 3-step zigzag; and, my all-time favorite,
- the French seam.
And while knits don’t fray and, therefore, don’t require seam finishes, you now know a couple reasons why you might just want to and how.
Okay. With such simple options for finishing seams, there is no reason why your garments can’t look as pretty on the inside as they do on the outside!
Because you deserve it!
Life is the ultimate red carpet event. Dress for it!
RELATED: Click HERE to learn all the basic sewing skills you need to begin sewing insanely pretty dresses!
RELATED: Click HERE to learn about the plain seam!
RELATED: Click HERE to learn more about the zigzag stitch!
RELATED: Click HERE if you’re ready to begin this journey and would like to buy my recommended tools and supplies!